Global Tech Policy Update – September 2016

ACM PUBLIC POLICY HIGHLIGHTS

Cybersecurity in the United States – The ACM U.S. Public Policy Council submitted comments to the Presidential Commission on Enhancing National Cybersecurity. The comments address the challenges and possible approaches to strengthening cybersecurity in the digital economy while protecting privacy and enabling innovation. The ACM Education Board and the ACM Joint Task Force on Cybersecurity Education provided expert advice and contributions. The comments will help inform the Commission’s Final Report to the President, which is due by December 1, 2016.

Artificial Intelligence – The ACM Public Policy staff attended the White House Workshop on the Safety and Control of Artificial Intelligence. Speakers included ACM Fellow Tom Dietterich, ACM Fellow Kathleen Fisher, ACM Fellow Eric Horvitz, ACM Fellow John Launchbury, ACM Fellow Jeannette Wing, and ACM/SIGART Autonomous Agents Research Award recipient Manuela M. Veloso. The workshop was held in collaboration with Carnegie Mellon University. The videos are available online.

Computer Science Education – CSforAll Consortium – ACM and CSTA announced their leadership roles in a new computer science education initiative during a White House Summit on Computer Science for All. The summit celebrated progress made in support of the U.S. President’s initiative to provide every K-12 student the opportunity to learn computer science. The new initiative, known as the CSforAll Consortium, brings together computer science education providers, schools, funders, and researchers to support the mission of expanding access to computer science education for all students. The Consortium is led by a steering committee of ACM, CSTA, Code.org, The College Board, the New York City Foundation for Computer Science Education (CSNYC) and the National Center for Women and Information Technology (NCWIT), and has a membership of 180+ organizations.

Accessibility – The ACM U.S. Public Policy Council submitted prepared remarks for the record during the public meeting of the U.S. Access Board. The U.S. Access Board approved the final text of the proposed updated accessibility regulations for the federal government. This is the last approval step before the final rule, known as the Section 508/ICT Refresh, is published and made available to the public. These regulations will have far-reaching implications and will help shape and inform future regulations for state and local entities, businesses, and organizations. The ACM U.S. Public Policy Council, in collaboration with relevant SIGs, has been participating since 2006 in this regulatory process to update the proposed regulations and strongly supports adoption of the international web accessibility standard, WCAG 2.0.

Upcoming ACM Public Policy Meetings

• The ACM Europe Policy Committee holds a monthly conference call.

• The ACM U.S. Public Policy Council will hold its next conference call on October 18, 2016 to discuss: proposed projects outlined in its recent Annual Report; next steps for the three new working groups on algorithmic accountability, big data, and the Internet of Things; and the ongoing activities of the permanent committees on privacy, security, intellectual property, digital governance, accessibility, voting, and tech law.

• The ACM Education Policy Committee will hold a working group conference call to discuss comparative policy approaches to computer science education.

INTERNATIONAL HIGHLIGHTS

Internet Governance – The U.S. Department of Commerce National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) announced that the IANA contract expired on September 30, 2016. A federal judge denied a request by four state attorneys general to block the IANA transition of Internet domain name functions to a global multistakeholder community. ICANN issued a statement to mark the historic moment of the contract officially expiring: “On 1 October 2016, the IANA functions contract officially expired. As a result, the coordination and management of the Internet’s unique identifiers is now privatized and in the hands of the volunteer-based multistakeholder community.”

International Data Week – ACM sponsored this international convening of policy leaders, industry leaders, data scientists, data gatherers, and data users. Attendees discussed a range of technical and social issues related to data sharing and exchange, data-driven research, and innovation. Topics included big data, open data, maintaining scientific rigor, the role of publicly funded research, intellectual property, privacy, security, and legal frameworks. Videos are available for some panels and presentations.

EUROPE HIGHLIGHTS

Intellectual Property – The European Commission published proposed copyright reforms to modernize copyright for the digital age as consistent with the Digital Single Market Strategy for Europe. The reforms aim to facilitate cross-border access, foster the growth of online content, and provide exceptions to allow for education, research, and accessibility purposes. The European Observatory on Infringements of Intellectual Property Rights is expected to release a report on regional and national legislative measures and procedures to prevent and combat online copyright violations and their effectiveness.

EU-US Privacy Shield – The EU-US Privacy Shield Framework agreement governing cross-border flows of personal data entered into force on August 1, 2016. The Framework, negotiated by the U.S. Department of Commerce and the European Commission, allows companies to transfer users data in compliance with EU data protection requirements. The Framework replaces the previous Safe Harbor framework, which the European Court of Justice struck down a year ago.

Digital Assembly 2016 – The European Commission’s Digital Assembly in September brought together 700+ policy leaders, high-level business leaders, representatives from nonprofits, researchers, and consumer advocates for plenaries, workshops, and networking activities. This year’s theme, “Putting the Digital Single Market at the heart of Europe,” covered e-commerce, improving access to online content, automated vehicles, the Internet of Things, privacy, and high-speed Internet access. Session videos are available online.

Europe – Opportunities for Public Input

Nominations: European Inventor Award
Nominees must hold a European patent.
European Patent Office
Deadline: 12 October 2016

Interim evaluation of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology
Relevant to education, workforce development, research funding, European and national initiatives
European Commission
Deadline: 20 November 2016

Europe – New Summary Reports on Public Consultations

Summary Report on Evaluation and Review of the ePrivacy Directive
European Commission

Summary Report on U.K. Data Access and Privacy Framework Review
U.K. Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy

UNITED STATES HIGHLIGHTS

Federal Source Code Policy – The White House issued a Federal Source Code policy requiring federal agencies to share custom-developed source code across federal agencies for reuse and to release at least 20% publicly as part of a pilot program. Agencies are encouraged to release more publicly to promote broader transparency, participation, and collaboration.

Internet of Things: Security – The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) is convening public forums to discuss best practices within private industry for security upgrades and patches for devices, sensors, and other technologies related to the emergent Internet of Things (IoT).

U.S. National Privacy Research Strategy – The White House released the first-ever National Privacy Research Strategy to address how to advance innovative data use while protecting individual data privacy. The strategy prioritizes research in multidisciplinary approaches, algorithms, transparency, remediation, and recovery. The Co-Chairs of the NITRD Program stated, “With this strategy, our goal is to produce knowledge and technology that will enable individuals, commercial entities, and the Federal Government to benefit from technological advancements and data use while proactively identifying and mitigating privacy risks.” A newly formed Federal Privacy Research and Development Interagency Working Group will convene a public workshop.

United States – Opportunities for Public Input

National Broadband Research Agenda
National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA)
National Science Foundation (NSF)
Deadline: October 11, 2016

Assessing Threats to Mobile Devices and Infrastructure
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Deadline: October 12, 2016

Draft Dramatically Reducing Software Vulnerabilities: Report to the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Deadline: October 18, 2016

Multistakeholder Forum on Internet of Things Security Upgradability and Patching
National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA)
Deadline: October 19, 2016

Draft: Systems Security Engineering Guideline: An Integrated Approach to Building Trustworthy Resilient Systems
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Deadline: October 21, 2016

United States – Summaries and Reports on Public Consultations

White House Workshops on Future of Artificial Intelligence
White House Office of Science and Technology Policy

Workshop on Exploring the Dimensions of Trustworthiness: Challenges and Opportunities
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Working on Fostering the Advancement of the Internet of Things
National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA)

ANNOUNCEMENTS

ACM Partners with SocialCoder
An initiative to encourage computing professionals to volunteer their professional skills and knowledge to help organizations who could not otherwise afford it.

Nominations Open for New Excellence in CS Teaching Awards
ACM, the Computer Science Teachers Association, and Infosys Foundation USA announce the Awards for Teaching Excellence in Computer Science. Up to 10 awards of $10,000 each will be given annually to recognize today’s best teachers from around the world. Applications for nominations for the awards are now available. The deadline is November 1.


Have events to add? Please let us know at: acmpo@acm.org


ACM Europe Policy Committee

The ACM Europe Policy Committee is a standing committee of ACM Europe. It serves as the focal point for ACM’s interaction with the EU and member states’ governmental bodies, the computing community, and the public in matters of European public policy related to computing and technology. The committee represents a diverse community of computing practitioners, scientists, educators, researchers, and other technology professionals from government, business, academia, and the nonprofit sector. The committee’s contributions to public policy draws from the deep scientific and technical expertise of the computing community.

ACM U.S. Public Policy Council

The ACM U.S. Public Policy Council is chartered as the focal point for ACM’s interaction with the U.S. government, the computing community, and the public in all matters of U.S. public policy related to computing and technology. USACM represents a diverse community of computing practitioners, scientists, educators, researchers, and other technology professionals from government, business, academia, and the nonprofit sector. Its contributions to public policy draws from the deep scientific and technical expertise of the computing community.

ACM Education Policy Committee

The ACM Education Policy Committee is a high-level committee of acclaimed computer scientists and educators dedicated to improving opportunities for quality education in computer science and computing-related fields. The Education Policy Committee develops initiatives aimed at shaping education policies that impact the computing field. A primary goal of the EPC is to ensure that computer science, computing, and informatics education is recognized in educational initiatives at all levels of the educational pipeline.

ACM U.S. Public Policy Council Submits Comments on Accessibility of Websites and Mobile Apps

The ACM U.S. Public Policy Council submitted comments to the U.S. Department of Justice on anticipated accessibility regulations. These new regulations will apply to websites and mobile apps provided by state and local governments. The comments address the value of aligning state and local government requirements with federal government accessibility requirements, flexible regulatory approaches that support technical innovation, the role of international accessibility standards and guidelines, and approaches to foster compliance.

The Department of Justice will use the comments to inform the scope of its future rulemaking under the Americans with Disabilities Act. As part of this pre-rule stage, the Department also intends to conduct research to better understand the benefits and impacts of potential accessibility regulations for websites and mobile apps.

Understanding the Americans with Disabilities Act
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) requires state and local governments, businesses, and organizations to provide people with disabilities equal access to services, programs, and activities, subject to some limited exceptions. Adopted in 1990 in the era of the pre-web Internet, the ADA does not specifically address accessibility of websites. As the federal agency responsible for its enforcement, the Department of Justice has interpreted the requirements of the ADA as extending to websites and mobile apps and has brought enforcement actions for noncompliance on a case-by-case basis.

Meeting the Challenge of ADA Regulations for the Digital Age
Adoption of web accessibility regulations could help clarify how entities can meet their obligations of providing equal access. Current ADA regulations do not address accessibility of websites and mobile apps. The Department issued web accessibility guidance in 2003 and initiated a rulemaking process in 2010 specific to web accessibility. With this Supplemental Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (SANPRM), the Department is exploring the scope of possible web accessibility regulations for state and local governments and whether to extend the scope to mobile apps. If future regulations do not address mobile apps, the Department likely would continue to consider the ADA as applicable to mobile apps, but states and local governments would need to rely on voluntary guidelines and best practices.

Realizing Accessibility of Government Information at All Levels
Both the ADA and Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act require government entities to provide equal access to information made available to the public. The ADA governs state and local governments. Section 508 governs the federal government. The U.S. Access Board recently approved the final text of the proposed updated accessibility regulations for the federal government under Section 508 as part of its ICT Refresh. The Board has submitted the final rule to the White House Office of Management and Budget (OMB). This is the last approval step before the final rule is published and made available to the public. If approved and published, the updated Section 508 regulations likely will help inform and shape the ADA regulations.

Fostering Accessibility across the Public and Private Sectors
The anticipated accessibility regulations pertaining to state and local governments under Title II of the ADA are seen as the precursor for future regulations for businesses and nonprofits providing online services to the public under Title III. When the rulemaking began in 2010, the Department combined both Title II and Title III in one rulemaking. The ACM U.S. Public Policy Council submitted comments in 2010 supportive of harmonizing accessibility guidelines and regulations across the public and private sectors. The Department has now divided the two rulemakings. The rulemaking timeline for the private sector is unclear but likely will push into 2018.

Harmonizing with International Accessibility Standards
The Department of Justice is considering adopting the leading international web accessibility standard, WCAG 2.0. The ACM U.S. Public Policy Council supports this approach and encourages the commonly accepted standard for assessing compliance, known as Level AA. Although it is difficult to know what the updated Section 508 regulations will require, the Access Board has been considering requiring WCAG 2.0 and Level AA compliance for federal agencies.

Improving Seamless Transitions with Mobile Apps
The ACM U.S. Public Policy Council urges the Department of Justice to consider recommending guidance for mobile apps issued by the W3C or other competent international authorities to ensure information is both accessible and usable for people with disabilities. The Department should consider and encourage architectural technical solutions that help facilitate seamless transitions between web interfaces and mobile apps.

Building Accessibility and Usability by Design
“Accessibility and usability are crucial to an inclusive digital world,” said Harry Hochheiser, the Chair of the ACM U.S. Public Policy Council’s Accessibility Committee, and Assistant Professor of Biomedical Informatics at the University of Pittsburgh. Accessibility and usability should be incorporated by design rather than retrofitted. Several resources can help governments and their contractors build accessible and usable websites and mobile apps by design, including W3C and Section508.gov.

Two key resources for computing professionals include:

• ACM Special Interest Group on Accessible Computing
SIGACCESS promotes the advancement of accessible and usable technologies to benefit, enable, and empower people with disabilities. Its International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility, Assets, is the premier forum for innovative research on mainstream and specialized assistive technologies, accessible computing, and assistive applications of computer, network, and information technologies.

• ACM Special Interest Group on Computer-Human Interaction
SIGCHI brings together professionals in a range of computing fields to understand and advance the design, implementation, and use of interactive computer-based systems in the broadest sense, ranging from desktop computing to interactive TV devices to the most advanced virtual reality systems.

The ACM U.S. Public Policy Council is committed to working with U.S. policy leaders, the computing community, and others interested in accessible technologies to ensure a disability-inclusive policy agenda that expands access, promotes innovation, enables research and development, and continues efforts to fully implement the ADA and Section 508.

Read the full text of the ACM U.S. Public Policy Council’s comments to the U.S. Department of Justice. The comments were developed by the Accessibility Committee, chaired by Harry Hochheiser, with support from ACM Policy Analyst Cynthia Florentino.

About the ACM U.S. Public Policy Council

The ACM U.S. Public Policy Council is chartered as the focal point for ACM’s interaction with the U.S. government, the computing community, and the public in all matters of U.S. public policy related to computing and technology. Its membership reflects a diverse community of computing practitioners, scientists, educators, researchers, and other technology professionals from government, business, academia, and the nonprofit sector. The Council’s contributions to public policy draws from the deep scientific and technical expertise of the computing community. ACM U.S. Public Policy Council statements represent the views of the Council and do not necessarily represent the views of the Association.

White House Summit on Computer Science Education

This week’s White House Summit on Computer Science for All celebrated progress made in support of the U.S. President’s initiative to provide every student the opportunity to learn computer science and featured announcements of new efforts and activities dedicated to growing the CSforAll momentum. The event brought together government officials from the White House and federal agencies, educators, students, businesses, foundations, and nonprofits.

Among the new commitments announced at the Summit, the National Science Foundation (NSF) announced $25 million in new grants to advance computer science education, and 200+ organizations announced new commitments to strengthen computer science education inside and outside the classroom and to support computer science teachers.

ACM’s Leadership Role in Growing the Momentum

At the Summit, ACM and CSTA (Computer Science Teachers Association) announced their leadership roles in a new CSforAll Consortium. This new network brings together computer science education providers, schools, funders, and researchers to support the mission of expanding access to computer science education for all students. The Consortium is led by a steering committee of ACM, CSTA, Code.org, The College Board, the New York City Foundation for Computer Science Education (CSNYC) and the National Center for Women and Information Technology (NCWIT), and has a membership of 180+ organizations.

ACM Celebrates Progress

The launch of this new partnership initiative builds on the major role ACM has played in raising the visibility of the importance of computer science education policy at all levels in the United States. ACM’s commitment to rigorous K–12 computer science education has involved a wide range of activities during the past decade.

ACM, through its Education Policy Committee, and CSTA were founding partners of the nonpartisan coalition Computing in the Core, now Code.org. Computing in the Core was instrumental in the adoption of the annual Computer Science Education Week (CSEdWeek) in the United States. Code.org has engaged nearly 270 million people worldwide in its annual Hour of Code campaign, which will take place during this year’s CSEdWeek December 5-11, 2016.

A 2014 policy report by the ACM Education Policy Committee, Rebooting the Pathway to Success: Preparing Students for Computing Workforce Needs in the United States, urged education, business, and public policy leaders in every U.S. state to take immediate action to expand access to quality computer science education and to address workforce development. The report provides detailed recommendations to guide state policy leaders as they develop and implement comprehensive plans to address inclusive computer science education, capacity building of computer science teachers, and the creation of effective computer science education and career pathways.

A 2010 policy report, Running on Empty: The Failure to Teach K -12 Computer Science in the Digital Age, jointly produced by ACM and CSTA, found that roughly two-thirds of US states lacked computer science education standards for secondary education and that most states did not allow computer science courses to satisfy a core mathematics or science credit for high school graduation.

ACM also advances computer science and computing education in the United States and around the world through its international activities, special interest groups, conferences, publications, digital library collections, policy statements, and curricula recommendations.

About the ACM Education Policy Committee

The ACM Education Policy Committee is a high-level committee of acclaimed computer scientists and educators dedicated to improving opportunities for quality education in computer science and computing-related fields. The Education Policy Committee develops initiatives aimed at shaping education policies that impact the computing field. A primary goal of the EPC is to ensure that computer science, computing, and informatics education is recognized in educational initiatives at all levels of the educational pipeline.

About the Computer Science Teachers Association

The Computer Science Teachers Association (CSTA) is a membership organization that supports and promotes the teaching of computer science and other computing disciplines. CSTA provides opportunities for K–12 teachers and students to better understand the computing disciplines and to more successfully prepare themselves to teach and learn. ACM founded CSTA as part of its commitment to K-12 and pre-university computer science education. Its membership consists of more than 23,000 members from more than 145 countries.

ACM U.S. Public Policy Council Submits Comments to Presidential Commission on Enhancing National Cybersecurity

The ACM U.S. Public Policy Council submitted comments to the Presidential Commission on Enhancing National Cybersecurity. The comments address the challenges and possible approaches to strengthening cybersecurity in the digital economy while protecting privacy and enabling innovation. The ACM Education Board and the ACM Joint Task Force on Cybersecurity Education provided expert advice and contributions. The comments will help inform the Commission’s Final Report to the President, which is due by December 1, 2016.

Highlights from the comments include:

Cybersecurity Education and Research
Computing knowledge and skills underpin the education, research, and workforce pipelines necessary for achieving leadership in cybersecurity. ACM strongly supports making computer science and computational thinking an educational policy priority at all levels (K-12, community colleges, and higher education) and growing a strong research community.

Emerging Trends and New Computing Paradigms
Emerging technology trends and innovations will bring about new challenges and benefits that will require equally innovative policy approaches. These emerging trends will have an effect on the global economy and their ramifications extend beyond the digital realm. New computing paradigms will bring about unprecedented risks as well as opportunities. New identifiers, components, devices, and infrastructure will raise issues of computing capability, privacy, security, usability, accessibility, spectrum availability, standards, networks, and interoperability.

Risk Management
The effects these trends will have on cybersecurity will be exponential, and risk management and best practices should be at the forefront of policy discussions. These emerging trends will be characterized by fast-paced evolution, resulting in rapid change in risk environments. As such, it is important to devise approaches that meet the dynamism of operational systems.

Internet of Things – Privacy and Security Challenges
As the networked environment continues to grow, new paradigms in the Internet of Things, cyber physical systems, and smart cities will bring new security and privacy concerns. The pervasiveness of IoT devices and sensors and their high interconnectedness could make it difficult and expensive to retrofit and address issues like security, privacy, and safety. Proactively addressing these issues is important.

International Engagement
Because the digital environment and its security involves cross-border and global issues, international coordination is important for strengthening cybersecurity. The ACM U.S. Public Policy Council supports involvement of the United States in international standards processes.

Read the full text

About the ACM U.S. Public Policy Council

The ACM U.S. Public Policy Council is chartered as the focal point for ACM’s interaction with the U.S. government, the computing community, and the public in all matters of U.S. public policy related to computing and technology. Its membership reflects a diverse community of computing practitioners, scientists, educators, researchers, and other technology professionals from government, business, academia, and the nonprofit sector. The Council’s contributions to public policy draws from the deep scientific and technical expertise of the computing community. ACM U.S. Public Policy Council statements represent the views of the Council and do not necessarily represent the views of the Association.

About the ACM Education Board

The ACM Education Board promotes computer science education at all levels and in all ways possible. The Board oversees the ACM Education Council and initiates, directs, and manages key ACM educational projects. The Board produces and keeps current curricula recommendations and guidelines in all areas of computing, including cybersecurity. These recommendations and guidelines are used worldwide to standardize and assist in the accreditation of college and university programs.

About the ACM Joint Task Force on Cybersecurity Education

The ACM Joint Task Force on Cybersecurity Education, launched in September 2015, is developing comprehensive curricular guidance in cybersecurity education that will support future program development and associated educational efforts. The Joint Task Force is a collaboration between major international computing societies: ACM, the IEEE Computer Society (IEEE CS), the Association for Information Systems Special Interest Group on Security (AIS SIGSEC), and the International Federation for Information Processing Working Group on Information Security Education (IFIP WG 11.8).

FTC PrivacyCon – Call for Presentations on Privacy and Security Research

The U.S. Federal Trade Commission seeks presentation proposals on the latest research and trends related to consumer privacy and data security for its next PrivacyCon to be held January 12, 2017 in Washington, DC. The event will be free and open to the public. Requests to present research must be submitted by October 3, 2016.

The FTC aims to build on research previously presented and suggests the following areas:

Attack Trends and Responses

  • Cyber attack vectors and trends
  • Ransomware
  • Medical identity and data theft
  • Privacy-protective technologies

Transparency and Control

  • Privacy principles, e.g. collection, usage, disclosure, and control of data
  • Third-party information sharing
  • Algorithmic accountability and transparency
  • Privacy policies

Privacy and Security Tools for Consumers

  • Controlling cross-device tracking
  • Ad blockers
  • Detecting deception
  • Detecting risks in mobile apps’ code

Quantifying and Analyzing Privacy and Security Interests

  • Analysis of data at scale
  • Risks from unintended data disclosures
  • Modeling harm of exploitable vulnerabilities

Submissions related to emerging trends in big data, the use of algorithms, the Internet of Things, cyber-physical systems, wearables, and cloud technologies are encouraged.

Learn more about the second annual FTC PrivacyCon on January 12, 2017 and the Call for Research Presentations.

Canada Seeks Input on Emerging Cybersecurity Challenges

The Government of Canada invites public input on effective measures to strengthen cyber systems, including those used for critical infrastructures. The comments will be used to identify and advance improvements to address current and emerging threats to government systems, secure vital digital systems in the private sector, and protect personal and corporate information. The public consultation ends October 15, 2016.

The public is invited to provide input on any or all of the following four topics via online surveys:

  • Evolution of the Cyber Threat – advanced cyber threats, and public awareness of cyber issues
  • Increasing Economic Significance of Cybersecurity – conducting business online, new technologies, and protecting critical infrastructure
  • Expanding Frontiers of Cybersecurity – cybersecurity statistics, innovation, education, and workforce training
  • Canada’s Way Forward on Cybersecurity – ways to update Canada’s Cyber Security Strategy, and the role of international engagement

For more information or to provide online feedback, visit the Online Consultation on Cybersecurity.

Global Tech Policy Update – June 2016

ACM PUBLIC POLICY HIGHLIGHTS

Internet of Things – The ACM U.S. Public Policy Council submitted comments on the Internet of Things to the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA). The comments describe the challenges and opportunities arising from IoT, including new technical and policy challenges related to privacy and security. Further, new identifiers, components, devices, and infrastructure will raise issues of computing capability, privacy, security, usability, accessibility, spectrum availability, standards, networks, and interoperability. Because IoT systems can and do operate across borders creating challenges for protecting the broader integrity of IoT systems and individual privacy, fostering and leveraging cooperation among governments and the private sector is vital to achieving an innovative and resilient IoT ecosystem. The comments will help inform a forthcoming NTIA Green Paper on IoT.

Artificial Intelligence – The ACM Public Policy staff attended the White House Workshop on Artificial Intelligence for Social Good. Speakers included ACM Fellow Henry Kautz and ACM Fellow Eric Horvitz, who received this year’s ACM-AAAI Allen Newell Award for his groundbreaking contributions in AI. The workshop was held in collaboration with the Computing Community Consortium (CCC) and the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI). The slides and videos are available online.

The next White House Workshop on Safety and Control for Artificial Intelligence on June 28 at Carnegie Mellon University will feature four ACM Fellows and one ACM award recipient: ACM Fellow Tom Dietterich, ACM Fellow Kathleen Fisher, ACM Fellow John Launchbury, ACM Fellow Jeannette Wing, and ACM/SIGART Autonomous Agents Research Award recipient Manuela M. Veloso.

Computer Science Education – A new ITIF report on improving computer science education in the United States cites the ACM Education Policy Committee’s report, Running on Empty: The Failure to Teach K-12 Computer Science in the Digital Age and the ACM/CSTA report, Bugs in the System: Computer Science Teacher Certification in the U.S.. The ITIF report’s findings are consistent with ACM’s recommendations in the Running on Empty report and its successor report published by the ACM Education Policy Committee last year titled Rebooting the Pathway to Success, including allowing computer science to count as a core graduation subject, teaching computer science in all high schools, increasing the number of qualified computer science teachers, and creating postsecondary incentives. The report adds to the growing tide of support in countries around the world for expanding access to quality computer science education and increasing the number of talented computing educators.

Informal STEM Education – ACM and six other associations co-sponsored a well-attended congressional briefing by the STEM Education Coalition Policy Forum on “Informal STEM Education 101: What We Know and Don’t: The State of the Art on Research on Outcomes in Informal STEM Education.” The standing room only briefing featured remarks by Honorary Congressional Co-Host Representative Eddie Bernice Johnson. Panelists included NSF Assistant Director of the Education and Human Resources Directorate Joan Ferrini-Mundy, University of Washington Senior Research Scientist Dr. Bronwyn Bevan, and Center for Advancement of Informal Science Education Project Director James Bell. The panel also coincided with the release of the STEM Education Coalition’s newest education policy white paper, “The Case for Investing in Out-of-School Learning as a Core Strategy in Improving Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education.”

Human–Computer Interaction and International Public Policymaking – A new journal article by the ACM SIGCHI International Public Policy Committee outlines the importance of HCI in public policy internationally and the impacts of public policy on the HCI community. The article discusses how public policy influences HCI and explores areas where HCI could have even more impact in the future, including laws, regulations, and guidelines related to interface design, intellectual property, accessibility, usability, privacy, security, and computing research. The article was authored by 31 members from 15 countries and published in the Foundations and Trends Human–Computer Interaction.

Upcoming ACM Public Policy Meetings

• The ACM Education Policy Committee will hold its annual international meeting in Washington, D.C. on June 24, 2016 to discuss progress and possible future activities to improve and advance computer science, computing, and informatics education policy and computing workforce development.

• The ACM Europe Policy Committee will hold its monthly conference call on June 28, 2016.

• The ACM U.S. Public Policy Council will hold its next conference call on July 13, 2016 to discuss next steps for the three new working groups on algorithmic accountability, big data, and the Internet of Things, and the ongoing activities of the permanent committees on privacy, security, intellectual property, digital governance, accessibility, voting, and tech law.

INTERNATIONAL HIGHLIGHTS

Internet Governance – As an important step in the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) stewardship transition from the U.S. government to a global multistakeholder process, the U.S. Department of Commerce National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) announced that the proposal developed by the global Internet multistakeholder community meets the criteria for privatization of IANA functions outlined by NTIA in March 2014. Major IANA functions include managing the DNS root zone, domain names, the numbering systems, and protocol assignments. NTIA’s criteria for privatization include maintaining the Internet’s security and resiliency, maintaining openness, meeting the needs of global customers, and supporting a private multistakerholder governance model. NTIA’s assessment of the IANA Stewardship Transition Proposal favors transition, but further approvals are required. The U.S. Congress continues to debate the transition and the timing of the transition. The current IANA contract with ICANN expires on September 30, 2016.

ICANN is accepting public input on its proposed Restated Articles of Incorporation until July 6, 2016. The ICANN Board will review the comments prior to its consideration of the adoption of the Restated Articles. ICANN explains that the new governance document, once adopted, would go into effect in the event NTIA approves of the IANA Stewardship Transition Proposal and the IANA Functions Contract expires.

The ICANN56 Policy Forum will be held on 27-30 June 2016 in Helsinki, Finland. Attendance is free. Pre-registration is strongly encouraged.

Spectrum and Satellite Communications – The ITU International Satellite Communication Symposium will be held in Geneva, June 13-14, 2016. Experts will explore the latest technologies and innovations used to detect, prevent, and mitigate harmful interference in satellite communications. Non-interference is vital to ensuring public safety and to building a more resilient wireless ecosystem. Attendees will include satellite industry, operators, regulators, and broadcasters from around the world.

ITU and UN Women GEM-TECH Awards 2016 – UN Women and the ITU invite nominations for the GEM-TECH Awards, which recognize exceptional work in the areas of: (1) promoting women in the tech sector, (2) women’s digital inclusion and empowerment, and (3) new legislative and policy initiatives promoting gender-inclusive ICT access/education. Self-nominations are accepted. Nominations must be submitted by July 31.

WTO Public ForumRegistration is now open for WTO’s largest annual outreach event attended by civil society, academia, business, media, governments, parliamentarians, and inter-governmental organizations. This year’s theme is “Inclusive Trade.” Registration for this 15th annual event closes on 18 September 2016.

Human Rights Council Report on Freedom of Expression in the Digital Age – A new report of the Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, David Kaye, to the Human Rights Council discusses legal and policy concerns related to freedom of expression online. The report identifies and explores the relevant human rights standards applicable to States and the private sector. Among its findings and general recommendations, the report recommends governments ensure meaningful opportunities for input and participation in public policy processes by the private sector, civil society, the technical community, and academia.

EUROPE HIGHLIGHTS

1st European Maker Week – Europe celebrated the inaugural European Maker Week with 500+ events in 28 countries across Europe during 30 May – 5 June 2016. Promoted by the European Commission, in-person and online events sought to engage citizens and students in creativity and innovation. The Opening Conference and celebration launch featured remarks by Director General of DG Direct Roberto Viola. Did you participate? Do you have ideas for new projects involving computing? Share your experiences and ideas online using hashtag: #EMWeek16

5G Deployment and Research – The European Commission released a roadmap for widespread deployment of the next generation of ubiquitous, ultra-high bandwidth wired and wireless communication systems by 2020. The Commission in April identified 5G and Internet of Things as among the ICT standardisation priorities for the Digital Single Market and has earmarked funding through the Horizon 2020 Programme to accelerate research developments in 5G technology. The Commission supports international cooperation on 5G. The need for 5G technology will be discussed at the EUBrazilCloudForum Workshop on Cloud Networks on 6 July 2016 in Brazil.

Intellectual Property – The European Commission’s DG GROW published a roadmap for the initiative “Modernising the Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights.” It calls for a focus on commercial-scale infringements. The initiative is supportive of a larger effort to modernize copyright protections and enforcement for the digital age. According to the roadmap, a report by the European Observatory on Infringements of Intellectual Property Rights on regional and national legislative measures and procedures to prevent and combat online copyright violations and their effectiveness is expected in 2016. Updates will be posted on a dedicated website of DG Grow.

Europe – Opportunities for Public Input

eGovernment Action Plan 2016–2020
European Commission
Posted: 2 June 2016
Deadline: Ongoing
Submit ideas for how to improve eGovernment services in the EU.

EU Copyright Reform for the Digital Age
European Commission
Deadline: 15 June 2016

Europe in My Region Blogging Competition 2016
European Commission – Regional Policy
Deadline: 17 June 2016
Blogs on Horizon 2020 projects and other computing-related activities are encouraged.

Revision of the European Interoperability Framework
European Commission
Deadline: 29 June 2016

Draft Sharing and Reuse Framework for IT Solutions
European Commission
Deadline: 29 June 2016
The results of this survey will be available in July 2016. Publication of the final version of the recommendations is anticipated later this year.

Horizon 2020 ‘Science with and for Society’ Work Programme 2018-2020
European Commission
Deadline: 4 July 2016
A short summary report on the consultation will be published by September 2016.

Evaluation and Review of the ePrivacy Directive
European Commission
Deadline: 5 July 2016

The European Single Market and the Start-up Initiative
European Commission
Deadline: 31 July 2016
Entrepreneurs and start-up communities are asked to complete a questionnaire.

Safety of Apps and Other Non-Embedded Software Used by Consumers
European Commission
Deadline: 15 September 2016

UNITED STATES HIGHLIGHTS

Appropriations FY2017 – The U.S. Congress continues to debate the federal appropriations bills for Fiscal Year 2017. The current FY2016 ends on September 30. With disagreements over spending priorities and whether to allow amendments, it remains unclear whether the appropriations process will be successful or scuttled. The process thus far brings good news for cybersecurity but less enthusiasm for education funding for computer science and other STEM subjects, as described next. Similar to prior years, a stopgap continuing resolution to prevent a government shutdown or omnibus bill could be the outcome.

K-12 Computer Science EducationAdvocates of computer science education are asking Congress to fund programs that support the policy goals of the Computer Science for All initiative, as proposed in the President’s FY 2017 budget proposal. The CSforAll initiative aims to expand access to quality computer science courses for all students nationwide and to increase the number of computer science educators. The Senate Appropriations Committee did not include funding in the education appropriations bill for the new Computer Science for All Development Grants and the STEM Master Teacher Corps program, which were included in the President’s FY 2017 budget proposal. The Committee noted that Student Support and Academic Enrichment Grants authorize “a range of activities to support well-rounded educational opportunities including computer science.” (See Senate Report 114-274.)

The U.S. Department of Education is considering regulations and non-regulatory guidance for the new K-12 education law, the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). The Department recently sought public input on what types of guidance could help states, school districts, and grantees understand the law and how to implement it. Look for continued calls for public input and transition guidance for ESSA on their website.

National Week of Making – The White House and communities nationwide will be celebrating the National Week of Making, June 17 -23, 2016. Be a part of the celebration of innovation. Learn more and share your experiences online using hashtag: #NationofMakers

White House Student Science Advisors – The White House is inviting students from around the country to submit ideas on important science, innovation, and technology issues. Spread the word to students that they have until June 17 to use this short online form to submit their ideas on how computing can help change the world.

5G Deployment and Research – The National Science Foundation (NSF) announced its intention to support the development of advanced wireless research platforms enabling at-scale experimentation for the next generation of wireless technologies. The announcement observes that current wireless Internet architectures are insufficient for wireless carriers globally and thus new technologies, such as 5G and beyond, are needed for continued growth of wireless networks and the burgeoning Internet of Things (IoT).

Privacy Best Practices for Drones – In the last of a series of multistakeholder meetings on issues regarding the commercial and private use of unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), convened by NTIA, a diverse group of stakeholders arrived at consensus on best practices. The final document outlines voluntary best practices for the collection, use, sharing, and security of data; user notification; and the use of drones for news reporting. The guide is intended to serve as an aid for promoting beneficial growth of innovative services, economic activity, and safer infrastructure in the United States.

Security – The Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board (ISPAB) will be holding a public meeting on June 15 -17, 2016 in Washington, D.C. ISPAB advises several federal agencies on issues pertaining to information systems and conducts reviews of proposed standards and guidelines developed by NIST. The meeting will include a discussion of topics such as the Internet of Things, cybersecurity resilience, Block Chain Protocol and the emerging ecosystem, high performance computing (HPC), and OMB updates on cybersecurity, privacy, and quantum cryptography.

United States – Opportunities for Public Input

U.S. Proposals and Positions for the 2016 World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly
National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA)
Deadline: June 16, 2016

Nominations for U.S. Presidential Awards for Excellence in Science, Mathematics and Engineering Mentoring
White House
Deadline: June 17, 2016

Final Review Period: K-12 Computer Science Education Framework
ACM, CSTA, Code.org, CIC, and NMSI
Deadline: June 29, 2016

Mobile Application Vetting Services for Public Safety
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Deadline: June 30, 2016

Systems Security Engineering: An Integrated Approach to Building Trustworthy Resilient Systems (Second Draft)
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Deadline: July 1, 2016

Draft Guide for Cybersecurity Event Recovery
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Deadline: July 11, 2016

Mandatory Deposit of Electronic Books and Sound Recordings Available Only Online
U.S. Copyright Office
Deadline: July 18, 2016

Nominations for National Cyber Security Hall of Fame
National Cyber Security Hall of Fame
Deadline: July 20, 2016

Nominations for the USPTO Patent Public Advisory Committee
U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
Deadline: July 25, 2016

Nominations for the USPTO Trademark Public Advisory Committee
U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
Deadline: July 25, 2016

ICT Accessibility Regulations for Local and State Governments under the ADA
U.S. Department of Justice
Deadline: August 8, 2016

Internet of Things: Identity and Access Management for Smart Home Devices Concept Paper
National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence (NCCoE)
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Released: June 6, 2016
Deadline: Ongoing

ANNOUNCEMENTS

ACM Partners with SocialCoder
An initiative to encourage computing professionals to volunteer their professional skills and knowledge to help organizations who could not otherwise afford it.
June 2016

ACM Awards Ceremony
June 11, 2016

ACM Announces Officers for 2016-2018
Terms begin July 1, 2016.

ACM SIG Officers Election Results
Terms begin July 1, 2016.


Have events to add? Please let us know at: acmpo@acm.org


ACM Europe Policy Committee

The ACM Europe Policy Committee (EUACM) is a standing committee of ACM Europe. It serves as the focal point for ACM’s interaction with the EU and member states’ governmental bodies, the computing community, and the public in matters of European public policy related to computing and technology. EUACM represents a diverse community of computing practitioners, scientists, educators, researchers, and other technology professionals from government, business, academia, and the nonprofit sector. EUACM’s contributions to public policy draws from the deep scientific and technical expertise of the computing community.

ACM U.S. Public Policy Council

The ACM U.S. Public Policy Council (USACM) is chartered as the focal point for ACM’s interaction with the U.S. government, the computing community, and the public in all matters of U.S. public policy related to computing and technology. USACM represents a diverse community of computing practitioners, scientists, educators, researchers, and other technology professionals from government, business, academia, and the nonprofit sector. USACM’s contributions to public policy draws from the deep scientific and technical expertise of the computing community.

ACM Education Policy Committee

The ACM Education Policy Committee is a high-level committee of acclaimed computer scientists and educators dedicated to improving opportunities for quality education in computer science and computing-related fields. The Education Policy Committee develops initiatives aimed at shaping education policies that impact the computing field. A primary goal of the EPC is to ensure that computer science, computing, and informatics education is recognized in educational initiatives at all levels of the educational pipeline.

U.S. Tech Policy Update – June 2016

CONGRESS

Tuesday, June 7, 2016

House Floor: H.R. 4904, MEGABYTE (Making Electronic Government Accountable By Yielding Tangible Efficiencies) Act of 2016
U.S. House of Representatives

Markup: FY2017 Labor, HHS & Education Appropriations Bill
Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies
10:30 am ET | 138 Dirksen Senate Office Building

Hearing: International Antitrust Enforcement: China and Beyond
House Judiciary Subcommittee on Regulatory Reform, Commercial and Antitrust Law
4 pm ET | 2141 Rayburn House Office Building
Witnesses from FTC, USPTO, Department of Commerce

Wednesday, June 8, 2016

Hearing: Department of Veterans Affairs’ Electronic Health Record System [POSTPONED]
Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Military Construction and Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies
TBD | Dirksen Senate Office Building

Hearing: Private Sector Weather Forecasting: Assessing Products and Technologies
House Science, Space, and Technology Subcommittee on the Environment
9:30 am ET | 2318 Rayburn House Office Building

Markup: Three Tech-Related Bills
House Homeland Security Committee
2 pm ET | 311 Cannon House Office Building
Will markup H.R. 5064, Improving Small Business Cyber Security Act of 2016; Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Protection Agency Act of 2016; and the Leveraging Emerging Technologies Act of 2016.

Thursday, June 9, 2016

Markup: FY2017 Labor, HHS & Education Appropriations Bill
Senate Appropriations Committee
10:30 am ET | 106 Dirksen Senate Office Building

Markup: S. 356, Electronic Communications Privacy Act Amendments Act of 2015
Senate Judiciary Committee
10 am ET | 226 Dirksen Senate Office Building

Friday, June 10, 2016

Hearing: 18F and U.S. Digital Service Oversight
House Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee on Information Technology
9:30 am ET | 2154 Rayburn House Office Building

Tuesday, June 21, 2016

2016 Legislative Data and Transparency Conference
Committee on House Administration
9 am – 4 pm ET | Capitol Visitor Center Congressional Auditorium
Advance registration required.

EVENTS

Cybercrime Symposium 2016
U.S. Department of Justice Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section (CCIPS) and the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)
June 6, 2016 | 9 am ET | Washington, D.C.

Workshop on Video Analytics in Public Safety
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
June 6, 2016 | 8:30 am PT | San Diego, CA

White House Workshop on Artificial Intelligence for Social Good
White House and CCC
June 7, 2016 | 8:30 am ET | Washington, D.C.

Public Safety Communications Research Broadband Stakeholder Meeting
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
June 7-9, 2016 | San Diego, CA

NSCI Seminar: Progress in Superconducting Computing
NSCI Committee
June 7, 2016 | 1 pm ET | Gaithersburg, MD

Commerce Spectrum Management Advisory Committee
National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA)
June 8, 2016 | 1-4 pm ET | Washington, D.C.

FinTech Series: Marketplace Lending
Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
June 9, 2016 | 9:30 am ET | Washington, D.C.

FCC Consumer Advisory Committee Meeting
Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
June 10, 2016 | 9 am ET | Washington, D.C.

Enabling Smart Cities with Infrastructure and Policy
NIST and US Ignite at 2016 GCTC Expo
June 13, 2016 | 2 pm CT | Austin, TX

FTC Workshop: Start with Security
June 15, 2016 | 9:30 am CT | Chicago, IL

NTIA Multistakeholder Public Meeting on Privacy Best Practices for Facial Recognition Technology
National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA)
June 15, 2016 | 1-5 pm ET | Washington, D.C.

Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
June 15-17, 2016 | 8:30 am – 5 pm ET | Washington, D.C.

National Week of Making
White House
June 17-23, 2016 | Nationwide #NationofMakers

Commission on Enhancing National Cybersecurity Public Meeting
Federal Advisory Committee supported by NIST
June 21, 2016 | 8:30 am – 5 pm PT | Berkeley, CA

FCC Open Meeting
Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
June 24, 2016 | 10:30 am ET | Washington, D.C.
Agenda items: Emergency alert system, submarine cable network outage reporting, applications and petitions processes

White House Workshop on Safety and Control for Artificial Intelligence
White House and Carnegie Mellon University
June 28, 2016 | Time TBD | Pittsburgh, PA

White House Workshop on Artificial Intelligence: The Social and Economic Implications of Artificial Intelligence Technologies in the Near-Term in New York City
White House and New York University Information Law Institute
July 7, 2016 | Time TBD | New York City, NY

Workshop on Software Measures and Metrics to Reduce Security Vulnerabilities
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
July 12, 2016 | Time TBD | Gaithersburg, MD
Registration closes on July 5.

President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology Public Meeting
July 13, 2016 | Time TBD | Washington, D.C.

OPPORTUNITIES FOR PUBLIC INPUT

Recommendation for Random Bit Generator (RBG) Constructions (Second Draft)
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Deadline: June 13, 2016

U.S. Proposals and Positions for the 2016 World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly
National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA)
Deadline: June 16, 2016

Mobile Application Vetting Services for Public Safety
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Deadline: June 30, 2016

Systems Security Engineering: An Integrated Approach to Building Trustworthy Resilient Systems (Second Draft)
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Deadline: July 1, 2016

Draft Guide for Cybersecurity Event Recovery
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Deadline: July 11, 2016

Mandatory Deposit of Electronic Books and Sound Recordings Available Only Online
U.S. Copyright Office
Deadline: July 18, 2016

ICT Accessibility Regulations for Local and State Governments under the ADA
U.S. Department of Justice
Deadline: August 8, 2016

Internet of Things: Identity and Access Management for Smart Home Devices Concept Paper
National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence (NCCoE)
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Released: June 6, 2016
Deadline: Ongoing

ANNOUNCEMENTS

2016 Congressional App Challenge Co-Chairs Announced
U.S. Representatives Royce and Moulton will spearhead student coding contest.
June 6, 2016

Federal IT Purchasing Category Management Policy
Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
Governing how the federal government buys and manages software.
June 2, 2016

Cooperative Research and Development Agreement Opportunity
National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence Data Integrity Building Block
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Deadline: July 1, 2016

Digital Authentication Guideline: Public Preview
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
May-August 2016

Modernizing Federal IT: 5-Part Series
CIO.gov | Social Security Administration CIO Rob Klopp
May 2016

ACM Partners with SocialCoder
An initiative to encourage computing professionals to volunteer their professional skills and knowledge to help organizations who could not otherwise afford it.
June 2016

ACM Announces Officers for 2016-2018
Terms begin July 1, 2016.


Have events to add? Please let us know at: acmpo@acm.org


ACM U.S. Public Policy Council

The ACM U.S. Public Policy Council (USACM) is chartered as the focal point for ACM’s interaction with the U.S. government, the computing community, and the public in all matters of U.S. public policy related to computing and technology. USACM represents a diverse community of computing practitioners, scientists, educators, researchers, and other technology professionals from government, business, academia, and the nonprofit sector. USACM’s contributions to public policy draws from the deep scientific and technical expertise of the computing community.

ACM U.S. Public Policy Council Comments on the Internet of Things

The ACM U.S. Public Policy Council submitted comments to the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) on the potential benefits and challenges of the Internet of Things and what role the U.S. Government should play in this area. NTIA will use the public input to issue a “green paper” that identifies key issues impacting deployment of these technologies, highlights potential benefits and challenges, and identifies possible roles for the federal government in fostering the advancement of IoT technologies in partnership with the private sector.

Highlights from USACM’s comments on the Internet of Things:

Defining IoT
Given the current and expected technologies, USACM cautions against prematurely adopting a definition. USACM encourages further discussion among government and stakeholders, including businesses, academia, professional societies, consumer advocates, nonprofits, and other civil society organizations on what encompasses the IoT landscape and how it relates to or differs from other related systems.

Cybersecurity Concerns Raised Specifically by IoT
The multifaceted nature of IoT brings with it a new set of opportunities and threats. Specific concerns raised by IoT are marked by the pervasiveness and heterogeneity of IoT devices and sensors. IoT crosses virtual boundaries as devices and sensors are now intertwined with consumers’ lives in the physical world. Security threats with IoT have broader implications of physical security and safety risks.

Privacy Concerns about IoT and Related Technical Considerations
Meeting the dual imperatives of protecting privacy and security will be an issue for IoT and raises questions on the relationship between cybersecurity and privacy risks. Many privacy risks are interdependent with other types of risks, data actions, and processes. Addressing privacy concerns will entail an understanding of the way privacy risks work in tandem with security risks so as to address risks comprehensively. Five major considerations should be technically addressed within the IoT infrastructure and these include data integrity, identity management, trust management, data protection, and data volume.

Factors to Consider in International Engagement
USACM encourages the Department to consider engaging with a wide range of stakeholders, including from government, the business sector, academia, nonprofits, professional associations, consumer advocates, and civil society. USACM supports involvement of the United States in bilateral and multilateral engagements, international standards processes, and efforts to develop and incentivize voluntary marketplace measures. In particular, USACM supports the involvement of the United States in international standards and processes for cybersecurity and privacy.

Read the full text.

About the ACM U.S. Public Policy Council
These comments were developed by the ACM U.S. Public Policy Council (USACM), which serves as the focal point for ACM’s interaction with the U.S. government in all matters of U.S. public policy related to information technology. The membership of the ACM U.S. Public Policy Council is comprised of computer scientists, educators, researchers, and other technology professionals. ACM U.S. Public Policy Council statements represent the views of the Council and do not necessarily represent the views of the Association.

Related ACM Resources

Celebrate European Maker Week 30 May – 5 June 2016

This week is the inaugural European Maker Week with celebrations and events across Europe. The week is an initiative promoted by the European Commission to engage citizens and students in creativity and innovation. Monday’s launch celebration featured remarks by Director General of DG Direct Roberto Viola.

Events occurring this week aim to inspire and empower more young people to pursue careers in computing and other STEM (science, technology, engineering, arts, and math) fields. Through makerspaces and innovation labs, students are learning the pragmatic benefits and broader uses of computer science in the real world.

Fueling the new wave of interest in integrated learning through active, hands-on projects are powerful innovations in wireless devices, robotics, the Internet of Things (IoT), 3D printing, wearables, design customization, and more.

“The Maker Movement is global and reflects the importance of providing students with the opportunity to engage their intellectual curiosity and creative problem-solving skills to explore and understand a broad range of STEM disciplines,” said Jeffrey R.N. Forbes, the Chair of the ACM Education Policy Committee and an Associate Professor of the Practice of Computer Science at Duke University.

Interested in being part of the celebration? Discover activities near you to build prototypes, create new products, solve daily problems with robotics, design with 3D scanners and printers, write software code for new devices, and explore career options. In addition to the 500+ events, you also can connect with others online to share projects, discuss new ideas, and brainstorm how to create a makerspace in your school or community.

Join the discussion online at hashtag #EMWeek16